The largest bird in the world

Birds are vertebrates of warm-blooded animals, and contain a large number of species, which reach 10400 species, and birds are distinguished by their body covered with feathers, and their front ends are wings, and birds differ in size between one type and another, and the smallest bird is the hummingbird, where its length reaches To about 6.3 centimeters, and its weight reaches to three grams, while the largest bird is an ostrich.

Ostrich bird

Ostrich bird is the largest and heaviest bird in the world, where the height of the male from it is between 2.1 to 2.7 meters, and its weight reaches between 100 kg to 130 kg, while the female has a height of between 1.7 to 1.9 meters, and the weight reaches 90 kg to 110 kg , It is known that females lay large eggs that may weigh up to one and a half kilograms, which is approximately the weight of 24 eggs from chickens, so they are considered the largest eggs of a living bird.

The ostrich is similar to the camel in some properties, so it was previously called the camel bird, as it has a long neck, prominent eyes, and long and thick eyelashes, and it also walks in a similar way to its way of walking, and it can likewise tolerate thirst and high temperatures.

Ostrich classification

The ostrich is classified as having a small head, large brown eyes, a wide and short beak, and a long neck, while the ostrich males are black with a little white feathers at the wings and tail, and the females are brown, with a red head and the neck sloping blue, while the leg The thighs are bare feathers, and the ostrich leg is classified as strong until it can run at speeds of up to 72.5 km / hour, so the ostrich leg can kick enemies strongly, and there are only two toes in each foot, one of which is large.

Ostrich feed

Ostrich feeds on continental animals in the sense that they eat plants and meat at the same time, they eat locusts, rodents, lizards, and snakes, but they prefer to eat plants especially roots and leaves, and the ostrich can break and grind food in sniping thanks to the gravel and sand it eats, and as a result Food is delivered to the stomach in a small size, which makes it easy to digest.

Ostrich reproduction

Ostrich groups consist of a dominant male and a female dominant called the main hen, and the ostrich males mature sexually when they reach the third or fourth year, and in the mating season the males flirt with the females, in order to arouse their admiration by dancing the feathers of one of the wings, then the second wing feathers with moving Tail up and down.

The dominant male intermarries with the dominant female, but the rest of the female group converts with the dominant male, or it can intermarry with the other male, so the male digs a hole in the ground to be a common nest where the females lay eggs, except that the dominant female eggs are only those who lay their eggs in the middle of the nest In order to have the greatest chance of hatching, each female lay between 7 to 10 large eggs, and the main female and dominant male alternate to incubate the eggs, where the female incubates the eggs during the day, and the male at night, and they also care for the chicks together after that .

General information about ostriches

1- Ostriches belong to flat-chested birds.
2- Ostrich birds cannot fly because the chest bones are flat and not attached to the wing muscles.
3- The original habitat of the ostrich is savannah, the African coast, the Middle East, and the Near East, except that it was caught fishing, which led to its extinction.
4- Ostriches use their wings to flirt with females.
5- The wing has an essential role in maintaining the balance of the ostrich.
6- Ostriches have large eyes up to five centimeters in length, and they are the largest eyes of an animal that lives on land.
7- Ostrich feathers do not contain oily glands that perform insulation feathers to keep them dry, so ostrich feathers are wet from rain.
8- Ostrich feathers are not bound together, which makes it appear shaggy.
9 – When the ostrich feels dangerous and cannot escape, it crouches on the ground, extends its head and neck to the ground and remains static, so that it can camouflage itself within the surrounding environment.
10 – Ostrich feathers ranked number four in South African exports, after gold, diamonds and wool.


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