Usually the process of giving birth to cats is normal, but there are cases in which normal delivery is difficult or impossible, dystocia is a common problem in veterinary medicine, and there are many signs that dystocia must be known to the cat owner.
Pregnancy and signs of birth in cats
A cat’s pregnancy lasts from 63 to 65 days; however, it is not unusual for some cats to have a normal pregnancy for a shorter or longer period of time (ranging from 58 to 70 days), and the cat’s behavior changes slightly until the last week of pregnancy, during this week Finally, the cat continues to search for the most bed to give birth.
Generally, there are two types of moods that appear in cats when cats; the independent type that will reach far to discover a dark closed space away from people touching it, and the dependent type that will go to any place to find comfort with its owner and may choose the owner’s bed as the best place to give birth.
Stages of a cat’s birth
The first stage begins the expansion of the cervix and the uterine contractions begin, and most cats at that time resort to isolation and prepare to give birth.
In the second stage, the kittens are pushed by strong uterine contractions, sometimes you will see cramps in the abdomen when the cat suffers from contractions, this stage may take several hours until it ends, especially for older cats.
As for the second stage, during which the cats release the membranes of the fetus (the placenta), the cats can alternate between the second and third stages, so you may see them giving birth to a small cat, followed by its membrane or it may give birth to two or more cats and then two or more membranes.
Symptoms indicate dystocia
You should contact your veterinarian for assistance in the following cases:
Your cat has been pregnant for more than 70 days.
The first stage of labor lasted for 24 hours without a birth.
The persistent strong contractions lasted for more than an hour without giving birth to a small cat.
The rest period lasted for more than 4 hours while there were more cats inside the womb.
There are foul-smelling vaginal discharge.
Excessive vomiting of the mother or her feeling very lethargic.
Causes of dystocia in cats
There are many possible causes for dystocia in cats, it may be because the cat has a narrow channel in the pelvis which makes it difficult for her to pass the kittens, or maybe a large cat cannot pass without help.
If the birth period is too long, your cat (and its womb muscles) may become tired and ineffective (uterine inactivity).
There are factors that predispose cats to dystocia, such as age, obesity, the previous history of dystocia, and sudden changes in their environment before entering labor.
Some cat breeds are more likely to have problems during childbirth, as the short-headed, Persian, and Himalayan breeds are more at risk.
How to treat birth problems in cats
Your cat may stay at the veterinarian for treatment and monitoring if it suffers from dystocia, and your vet will examine your cat and may need blood tests, x-rays, or ultrasound examination to advise you on the best treatment.
If there are no contractions in the womb and there is no sign of obstruction, your cat may be treated medically, and you may receive intravenous fluids (drip), such as glucose, calcium, oxytocin or a combination of them.
If a small cat is stuck in the pelvic canal, it may be possible for the veterinarian to help her out safely.
In other cases, your doctor may recommend a C-section as a safe method of treatment for both the mother cat and the kittens.
Important advice after the cat is born
Even if your cat seems to have no problem with the birth of a kittens, it is worth examining the mother and kittens by a veterinarian, to ensure that they are all healthy and that everything is recovering normally.
While your kitten is raising its own kittens, you will need a lot of care in addition to a lot of food and water, as feeding the mother to kittens consumes a lot of energy and causes her thirst.